Hard water can be harmful to appliances and plumbing fixtures. Short of moving, the only solution is a water softener. A water softener San Antonio can be installed by the homeowner. Determine what size softener is needed by the number of gallons used per day. Softeners come in different sizes.
Water softeners should be located in a dry, flat area that is not exposed to freezing temperatures. The softener needs to be located close to an electrical outlet. Shut off the main water line and drain the household plumbing system. Turn on all faucets including outdoor ones to drain the system. The system has to be properly drained to sweat or solder the fittings. Turn off the power to the water heater if it is gas turn the control to pilot.
The water softener will interrupt the main water line. The water softener should be connected using a bypass system. The bypass system allows water to be diverted around the softener. A valve is installed to bypass the water back to the main water line. Under normal operating conditions, the water flows through the softener. The bypass system allows water to bypass around if the unit malfunctions or is no longer needed.
Water softeners have a drain line. To install the drain tubing remove the drain cap and wrap the threads with Teflon tape. Re-tighten the fitting back into the unit with drain tube attached. The drain is not pressurized so the tubing does not require clamping. The drain tube must run into a drain or when draining the water must be properly collected.
Connect the brine tank by connecting tubing through the side of the tank with the compression fittings. The other end of the tubing will connect to the safety valve and run through the resin tank to the control valve. Fill the brine tank with salt being careful to use the correct amount.
Close the bypass valve so the water is diverted through the water softener. Shut all faucets and turn on the main water. Check all fittings for leaks and turn the power or gas back on to the hot water tank. Run the system through all the rinse cycles for a few minutes to clear any sediments or debris.